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Learning Through Play In Early Childhood

Learning Through Play In Early Childhood

Learning Through Play In Early Childhood

Okay, parents…It’s time to put down the flashcards and workbooks (and maybe stop following that mom on Instagram who tells you what you “should”  be teaching your children).

Firstly - only you know what’s best for your child. And secondly - research shows that playful learning can be more effective than direct instruction.

In the simplest terms, play is a child's language. It's their way of discovering the world around them, of expressing what's going on in their little minds, and of building stronger relationships with others.

Whether it's pretending to be a superhero saving the world, constructing towering castles out of blocks, or simply splashing around in a puddle, play is a journey of exploration that sparks creativity and nurtures a child's natural curiosity.

And the best part? Kids love to play!

Let’s discover the magic of learning through play throughout the early years, from newborns to toddlers and beyond!

What is Play-Based Learning?

It's an educational philosophy that revolves around the idea that children learn best when they are actively engaged in play. This doesn't simply mean letting children play and run wild, but rather creating a thoughtfully arranged environment where children grow by exploring, experimenting, and interacting, thereby learning critical thinking skills.

Through play, children learn cognitive skills, improve language skills and communication, cultivate physical abilities, practice creative thinking, and enhance their social-emotional development. Play is a fun way of learning, which can kindle a lifelong love for discovery and curiosity in children.

Why is Learning Through Play Important?

Learning through play is fundamental in shaping essential skills that foster early childhood development.

Play encourages brain development, creativity, innovation, self-regulation, and resilience. These are key elements that can't be taught in a traditional classroom setting but can be organically developed during play.

This unique approach to learning helps children understand the world around them, how things work, and how they can influence outcomes. Furthermore, play boosts their self-esteem and self-confidence, empowering them to face real-world challenges and problem-solve with a growth mindset.

Above all, learning through play transforms early childhood education into an enjoyable and fulfilling experience, ensuring that children look forward to the process rather than viewing it as a chore. This child-led perspective of learning can inspire a lifelong passion for knowledge.

How do Children Learn Through Play in the Early Years?

Fred Rogers said, "Play is often talked about as if it were a relief from serious learning. But for children, play is serious learning." It allows them to grow holistically, without the pressures of direct instruction, because it is centered around their exploration and discoveries.

As children grow and develop, play becomes an increasingly important means of communication and exploration. However, it is essential to note that the kind of play and level of involvement changes as a child ages. Younger children may engage in sensory play, while older children might enjoy pretend or imaginative play. Thus, it is crucial to provide a variety of opportunities for play at different stages

At What Age Should Learning Through Play Start?

The beauty of learning through play is that it can start right from birth! From the moment they open their eyes to the world, babies begin to engage with their surroundings, taking in every new shape, color, and texture.

How Do Babies Learn Through Play?

You might be staring at your tiny human thinking all they do is eat, sleep and poop. And you’d be mostly correct. But, play is important, even at the newborn stage!

Babies learn by interacting with their environment and the objects around them. From the simplest activities like grasping a parent's finger, gurgling at a colorful mobile, or feeling different textures, babies start making sense of the world. This is often termed as sensory play, and it lays the foundation for cognitive development.

As they grow, babies begin to understand cause and effect – shake a rattle and it makes noise; drop a toy and it falls. Through play, they develop motor skills, learn to solve problems, and understand how to communicate. Play for babies is not just about fun and games, it's how they learn best!

Your baby’s brain develops faster in their first year than at any other time. Providing them with age-appropriate learning activities that foster this exploration is key to proper brain development.

What is an Example of Learning Through Play For a Baby?

When it comes to babies learning through play, there are numerous activities you can introduce to help stimulate their senses and promote growth. Here are a few examples:

  • Floor & Tummy Time: This simple yet effective activity helps babies develop their neck, shoulder, and upper body strength. It also introduces them to a different perspective of their environment, stimulating their curiosity. Don't forget to use a play mat for a soft environment.
  • Sensory Play: This could involve different textures, sounds, or visuals. Sensory play helps babies explore their world and contributes to cognitive growth. This can range from simple activities like listening to soft music to laying under a baby gym and kicking and reaching for various toys and textures.
  • Mirror Play: Babies are fascinated by their reflection in a mirror. This type of play promotes social skills and emotional development as they begin to understand self-recognition.
  • Interactive Games: Simple games like Peekaboo or Pat-a-cake not only entertain babies but also enhance their understanding of object permanence and rhythm.

Remember, babies learn best when they are comfortable and loved. So, keep the atmosphere light, playful, and filled with plenty of smiles and laughter. Your love and interaction are the most powerful play tools they have.

How Do Toddlers Learn From Play?

Learning through play not only aids toddlers' development but also fosters a love for learning from an early age. We could all use more positive attitudes and fewer temper tantrums in our household.

Children learn in remarkable ways through play, building crucial life skills while enjoying activities. Play helps develop coordination, social skills, vocabulary, and imagination.

Remember, every toy, game, or activity is an opportunity for your toddler to learn, grow, and have fun!

  • Role-playing and Pretend Play: Children can explore different situations and assume various roles through role-playing and pretend play. This form of play allows them to express thoughts and emotions, experiment with social interaction, and develop empathy.
  • Physical Activities: Encouraging children to engage in physical activities enhances their gross motor skills. From balancing and climbing to jumping and running, these activities contribute to their physical development while fostering self-confidence. Climbing gyms offer a great solution!
  • Outdoor Play: Outdoor play introduces children to a diverse environment that offers valuable learning opportunities. The natural world nurtures physical development, fosters scientific exploration, and inspires a love for nature.
  • Interactive Games: Engaging children in interactive games, like puzzles or building blocks, enhances their fine motor skills. They learn about shapes, colors, and cause-and-effect relationships, sharpening their problem-solving abilities.
  • Art and Craft: Involving children in art and crafts activities stimulates creativity, encourages imaginative thinking, and provides a platform for self-expression.

Understanding how toddlers best learn through play involves recognizing their curiosities and providing a conducive environment for exploration.

How Do Preschoolers Learn Best Through Play?

Preschoolers learn best through play as it promotes holistic growth - physical, cognitive, and social-emotional learning. Play enables exploration, experimentation, and understanding of the world. It aids language development through communication, narration, and role-play. Additionally, it enhances social understanding and problem-solving skills while supporting emotional development. Ultimately, learning through play fosters a lifelong positive attitude towards learning.

Let's consider a few ways through which they learn best through play:

  • Free Play: Unstructured and independent play allows children to use their imagination and create games with open-ended materials. It fosters creativity, self-expression, and decision-making.
  • Physical Activity: Encouraging activities like dancing, obstacle courses, or tag can improve strength, balance, and coordination. They also boost confidence and self-esteem as they teach children to navigate and interact with the world.
  • Role Play: Pretend play is integral for preschoolers, whether they're doctors, teachers, superheroes, or animals. It encourages empathy, helps understand different roles, and enhances communication.
  • Games: Puzzles, sorting games, and construction sets engage children while enhancing cognitive abilities, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

Remember, every child is unique and may respond differently to these learning methods. The key is to observe, adapt, and make the learning experience as enjoyable as possible.


The next time you see your kid covered in paint, from head to toe, or constructing a rocket ship out of an empty cereal box, remember they're not just making a mess or building an imaginative spacecraft. They're experimenting, learning, and most importantly, having fun!

So, buckle up for this roller-coaster ride called parenthood, where the laundry is never complete, the questions never end, and the learning (for both you and your little one) never stops. Here's to embracing the beautiful chaos that is raising a child!

And don't forget to check out PoppyseedPlay's age-specific toys that are designed to help aid early childhood development - making learning both enjoyable and effective.


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